|Reports from the IMR|
Strong institutions and management, along with active participation from the industry help to support sustainable seafood production in Norway, though some species still have low populations and face challenges. The Institute of Marine Research (IMR) is one such institution. IMR has been in operation for over 110 years, working to provide the latest science on Norwegian fisheries, which in turn drives policy. IMR is about 50% financially supported by the ministry.
A few of the management measures include:
· Mandatory fallowing period for all aquaculture sites after every production cycle.
· Mandatory third-party tests on the seafloor below fish farming sites to determine the level of environmental impact on benthic communities. Sites that are found to have a high impact must have longer fallowing periods and potentially reduce stocking densities in future production cycles.
· Mandatory landing of all catches, including bycatch species. There is a strong desire to utilize all fish, which is caught; discarding fish at sea is illegal.
· Licenses are required for all fish farming activities. No new licenses have been issued in the past two yeas.
· Ban on aquaculture of non-native species.
· The national government is working with local communities to develop coastal plans